**sample** | | |

*n. (cognition)* | **1**. **sample** | a small part of something intended as representative of the whole. |

| ~ example, instance, illustration, representative | an item of information that is typical of a class or group.; "*this patient provides a typical example of the syndrome*"; "*there is an example on page 10*" |

| ~ coupon | a test sample of some substance. |

| ~ cross section | a sample meant to be representative of a whole population. |

| ~ grab sample | a single sample or measurement taken at a specific time or over as short a period as feasible. |

| ~ random sample | a sample grabbed at random. |

| ~ tasting | a small amount (especially of food or wine). |

*n. (cognition)* | **2**. **sample**, **sample distribution**, **sampling** | items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population. |

| ~ acceptance sampling | a statistical procedure for accepting or rejecting a batch of merchandise or documents; involves determining the maximum number of defects discovered in a sample before the entire batch is rejected. |

| ~ distribution, statistical distribution | (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence. |

| ~ statistics | a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters. |

| ~ random sample | a sample in which every element in the population has an equal chance of being selected. |

| ~ proportional sample, representative sample, stratified sample | the population is divided into strata and a random sample is taken from each stratum. |

*n. (object)* | **3**. **sample** | all or part of a natural object that is collected and preserved as an example of its class. |

| ~ natural object | an object occurring naturally; not made by man. |

| ~ specimen | a bit of tissue or blood or urine that is taken for diagnostic purposes.; "*they collected a urine specimen for urinalysis*" |

| ~ core | a cylindrical sample of soil or rock obtained with a hollow drill. |

*v. (consumption)* | **4**. **sample**, **taste**, **try**, **try out** | take a sample of.; "*Try these new crackers*"; "*Sample the regional dishes*" |

| ~ ingest, consume, have, take in, take | serve oneself to, or consume regularly.; "*Have another bowl of chicken soup!*"; "*I don't take sugar in my coffee*" |

| ~ degust | taste with relish.; "*degust this wonderful soup*" |

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