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minerales [mi.ni.rá.lis.] : minerals (n.)
[ Etymology: Spanish: minerales: minerals ]
Synonyms: mineral

Derivatives of minerales

n. (substance)1. mineralsolid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition.
~ material, stuffthe tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object.; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
~ ader wax, earth wax, mineral wax, ozocerite, ozokeritea waxy mineral that is a mixture of hydrocarbons and occurs in association with petroleum; some varieties are used in making ceresin and candles.
~ amblygonitea white or grey mineral consisting of lithium aluminum phosphate; a source of lithium.
~ amphibolea mineral or mineral variety belonging to the amphibole group.
~ amphibole groupa group of minerals with similar crystal structures containing a silicate chain and combinations of chiefly sodium and calcium and magnesium and iron and aluminum.
~ apatitea common complex mineral consisting of calcium fluoride phosphate or calcium chloride phosphate; a source of phosphorus.
~ aragonitea mineral form of crystalline calcium carbonate; dimorphic with calcite.
~ argentitea valuable silver ore consisting of silver sulfide (Ag2S).
~ argyroditea rare steel-grey mineral consisting of silver and germanium and sulfur.
~ arsenopyrite, mispickela silver-white or grey ore of arsenic.
~ mineral pitch, asphalta dark bituminous substance found in natural beds and as residue from petroleum distillation; consists mainly of hydrocarbons.
~ augitedark-green to black glassy mineral of the pyroxene group containing large amounts of aluminum and iron and magnesium.
~ baddeleyitea mineral consisting of zirconium oxide.
~ bastnaesite, bastnasitea yellow-to-brown mineral that is a source of rare earth elements.
~ bauxitea clay-like mineral; the chief ore of aluminum; composed of aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides; used as an abrasive and catalyst.
~ berylthe chief source of beryllium; colored transparent varieties are valued as gems.
~ boraxan ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent.
~ bornite, peacock orea mineral consisting of sulfides of copper and iron that is found in copper deposits.
~ carnallitea white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium.
~ cassiteritea hard heavy dark mineral that is the chief source of tin.
~ celestitea mineral consisting of strontium sulphate.
~ cerussite, white lead orea mineral consisting of lead carbonate that is an important source of lead.
~ chalcocite, copper glancea heavy grey mineral that is an ore of copper.
~ chalcopyrite, copper pyritesa yellow copper ore (CuFeS2) made up of copper and iron sulfide.
~ chloritea generally green or black mineral; it occurs as a constituent of many rocks typically in the form of a flat crystal.
~ chromitea brownish-black mineral; the major source of chromium.
~ chrysoberyla rare hard yellow green mineral consisting of beryllium aluminate in crystal form; used as a gemstone.
~ cinnabara heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury.
~ cobaltitea rare silvery-white mineral; important ore of cobalt.
~ halite, rock saltnaturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride.
~ coltan, columbite-tantalitea valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips.
~ cordieritea blue mineral of magnesium and iron and aluminum and silicon and oxygen; often used as a gemstone.
~ corundom, corundumvery hard mineral used as an abrasive.
~ cristobalitea white mineral consisting of silica; found in volcanic rocks.
~ crocolitea rare lead chromite mineral that forms bright orange crystals.
~ cryolite, greenland spara white mineral consisting of fluorides of aluminum and sodium; a source of fluorine.
~ cupritea mineral consisting of cuprous oxide that is a source of copper.
~ bitter spar, dolomitea light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer.
~ earth colora colored mineral used as a pigment.
~ emerya hard grey-black mineral consisting of corundum and either hematite or magnetite; used as an abrasive (especially as a coating on paper).
~ cobalt bloom, erythritea reddish mineral consisting of hydrated cobalt arsenate in monoclinic crystalline form and used in coloring glass; usually found in veins bearing cobalt and arsenic.
~ fergusonitea dark mineral consisting of oxides of yttrium and erbium and tantalum and other minerals.
~ fluor, fluorite, fluorspara soft mineral (calcium fluoride) that is fluorescent in ultraviolet light; chief source of fluorine.
~ gadolinite, ytterbitea mineral that is a source of rare earths; consists of silicates of iron and beryllium and cerium and yttrium and erbium.
~ galenasoft blue-grey mineral; lead sulfide; a major source of lead.
~ garnetany of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive.
~ garnieritea green mineral consisting of hydrated nickel magnesium silicate; a source of nickel.
~ germanitea rare reddish-grey mineral consisting of a copper iron germanium sulfide.
~ gibbsitewhite crystalline mineral consisting of aluminum hydroxide; a constituent of bauxite and a source of alumina.
~ glauconitea green mineral consisting of hydrated silicate of potassium or iron or magnesium or aluminum; found in greensand.
~ cadmium sulphide, greenockiteore of cadmium; a rare yellowish mineral consisting of cadmium sulphide in crystalline form.
~ gypsuma common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris).
~ hausmannitea mineral consisting of manganese tetroxide; a source of manganese.
~ barite, barytes, heavy spar, barium sulphatea white or colorless mineral (BaSO4); the main source of barium.
~ calamine, hemimorphitea white mineral; a common ore of zinc.
~ ilmenitea weakly magnetic black mineral found in metamorphic and plutonic rocks; an iron titanium oxide in crystalline form; a source of titanium.
~ jadeitea hard green mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate in monoclinic crystalline form; a source of jade; found principally in Burma.
~ kainitea white mineral consisting of magnesium sulphate and potassium chloride; a source of potassium salts; used as a fertilizer.
~ kaolinitea mineral consisting of aluminum silicate; main source of kaolin.
~ kernitea light soft mineral consisting of hydrated sodium borate in crystalline form; an important source of boron.
~ kieseritea white mineral consisting of hydrous magnesium sulfate often found in salt mines.
~ cyanite, kyanitea grey or greenish-blue mineral consisting of aluminum silicate in crystalline form; occurs in metaphoric rock, used as a refractory.
~ langbeinitea mineral consisting of potassium magnesium double sulphate; used as a fertilizer.
~ magnesitea white mineral consisting of magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium.
~ malachitea green or blue mineral used as an ore of copper and for making ornamental objects.
~ maltha, mineral tara thick black tar intermediate between petroleum and asphalt.
~ manganitea black mineral consisting of basic manganese oxide; a source of manganese.
~ meerschaum, sepiolitea white clayey mineral.
~ isinglass, micaany of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. that crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity.
~ milleritea yellow mineral consisting of nickel sulfide; a minor source of nickel.
~ molybdenitea mineral resembling graphite that is valued as the chief source of molybdenum and its compounds.
~ monazitea reddish-brown mineral containing rare earth metals; an important source of thorium and cerium.
~ nepheline, nephelitea whitish mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate or potassium aluminum silicate in crystalline form; used in the manufacture of ceramics and enamels.
~ nephelinitean igneous rock consisting of nepheline and pyroxene.
~ columbite, niobitea black mineral that is an ore of niobium and tantalum.
~ nitrocalcitethe mineral form of calcium nitrate.
~ olivinea mineral consisting of magnesium iron silicate; a source of magnesium.
~ oliveniterare green to black mineral consisting of hydrated copper arsenate that is found in copper deposits.
~ opala translucent mineral consisting of hydrated silica of variable color; some varieties are used as gemstones.
~ orea mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be mined.
~ orpimenta yellow mineral occurring in conjunction with realgar; an ore of arsenic.
~ iridosmine, osmiridiuma hard and corrosion resistant mineral that is a natural alloy of osmium and iridium (usually containing small amounts of rhodium and platinum); used in needles and pen nibs etc..
~ pentlanditea mineral (iron and nickel sulphide) that is the chief ore of nickel.
~ magnesia, magnesium oxide, periclasea white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium.
~ pinitegrey or green or brown mineral similar to mica and containing aluminum and potassium sulphates.
~ pollucitea rare mineral that is an important source of cesium.
~ psilomelanea mineral consisting of hydrated basic oxide of manganese and barium; a source of manganese.
~ fool's gold, iron pyrite, pyritea common mineral (iron disulfide) that has a pale yellow color.
~ pyrolusitea mineral consisting of manganese dioxide; an important source of manganese.
~ green lead ore, pyromorphitea mineral consisting of lead chloride and phosphate; a minor source of lead.
~ pyrophyllitea white or greenish aluminum silicate mineral (resembles talc).
~ pyroxeneany of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks.
~ magnetic pyrites, pyrrhotine, pyrrhotitea brownish iron sulfide mineral (FeS) having weak magnetic properties.
~ quartza hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities.
~ realgara rare soft orange mineral consisting of arsenic sulphide; an important ore of arsenic.
~ red clayclay whose redness results from iron oxide.
~ rhodochrositea mineral consisting of manganese carbonate; a source of manganese.
~ rhodonitea pink or red mineral consisting of crystalline manganese silicate; used as an ornamental stone.
~ rock, stonematerial consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust.; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries"
~ rutilea mineral consisting of titanium dioxide in crystalline form; occurs in metamorphic and plutonic rocks and is a major source of titanium.
~ samarskitea complex black mineral occurring in pegmatites.
~ sapphirinea rare light blue or green mineral; consists of aluminum and magnesium silicate and occurs as small grains in some metamorphic rocks.
~ scheelitea mineral used as an ore of tungsten.
~ smaltitea grey mineral consisting of cobalt arsenide and nickel; an important source of cobalt and nickel.
~ sodalitea vitreous mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate and sodium chloride in crystalline form; occurs in igneous rocks.
~ sparany of various nonmetallic minerals (calcite or feldspar) that are light in color and transparent or translucent and cleavable.
~ spinela hard glassy mineral consisting of an oxide of magnesium and aluminum; occurs in various colors that are used as gemstones.
~ spodumenea pyroxene mineral consisting of lithium aluminum silicate; a source of lithium.
~ stannite, tin pyritesa dark grey mineral with a metallic luster that is a source of tin.
~ stibnitea soft grey mineral; the chief ore of antimony.
~ strontianitea mineral consisting of strontium carbonate.
~ graphic tellurium, sylvanitea silver-white mineral consisting of silver gold telluride; a source of gold in Australia and America.
~ sylvine, sylvitea mineral consisting of native potassium chloride; an important ore of potassium that is found in sedimentary beds.
~ talc, talcuma fine grained mineral having a soft soapy feel and consisting of hydrated magnesium silicate; used in a variety of products including talcum powder.
~ tantalitea mineral consisting of tantalum oxide of iron and manganese that occurs with niobite or in coarse granite; an ore of tantalum.
~ thoritea radioactive mineral consisting of thorium silicate; it is a source of thorium that is found in coarse granite.
~ thortveititea mineral consisting of scandium yttrium silicate; a source of scandium.
~ topaza mineral (fluosilicate of aluminum) that occurs in crystals of various colors and is used as a gemstone.
~ tourmalinea mineral that is a complex borosilicate and hydroxide of aluminum containing iron and magnesium and calcium and lithium and sodium; it is usually black but occurs in transparent colored forms that are used as gemstones.
~ tridymitea mineral form of silica.
~ turquoisea blue to grey green mineral consisting of copper aluminum phosphate.; "blue turquoise is valued as a gemstone"
~ vanadinitea mineral consisting of chloride and vanadate of lead; a source of vanadium.
~ vermiculiteany of a group of yellow or brown hydrous silicate minerals having a micaceous structure.
~ idocrase, vesuvian, vesuvianitea green or yellow or brown mineral consisting of a hydrated silicate; it occurs as crystals in limestone and is used a gemstone.
~ iron manganese tungsten, wolframitea mineral consisting of iron and manganese tungstate in crystalline form; the principal ore of tungsten; found in quartz veins associated with granitic rocks.
~ wollastonitea white or greyish mineral typically found in metamorphic limestone; a silicate of calcium.
~ wulfenitea yellow to orange or brown mineral used as a molybdenum ore.
~ wurtzitea brownish-black mineral consisting of zinc sulfide.
~ xenotimea brown-to-yellow mineral that is a phosphate of yttrium in crystalline form.
~ zeoliteany of a family of glassy minerals analogous to feldspar containing hydrated aluminum silicates of calcium or sodium or potassium; formed in cavities in lava flows and in plutonic rocks.
~ blende, sphalerite, zinc blendean ore that is the chief source of zinc; consists largely of zinc sulfide in crystalline form.
~ zinkenitea steel grey metallic mineral (a sulphide of lead and antimony).
~ zircon, zirconium silicatea common mineral occurring in small crystals; chief source of zirconium; used as a refractory when opaque and as a gem when transparent.
adj. (pertain)2. mineralrelating to minerals.; "mineral elements"; "mineral deposits"
adj. 3. mineralcomposed of matter other than plant or animal.; "the inorganic mineral world"
~ inorganiclacking the properties characteristic of living organisms.